Read the following passage và mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 khổng lồ 38.

Let children learn khổng lồ judge their own work. A child learning to lớn talk does not learn by being corrected all the time. If corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses và the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes khổng lồ make his language like other people’s. In the same way, children learn all the other things they learn to bởi vì without being taught – to lớn talk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle – compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, & slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance lớn find out his mistakes for himself, let alone correct them. We vị it all for him.

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We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher. Let him vị it himself. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is lớn that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not.

If it is a matter of right answers, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can’t find the way khổng lồ get the right answer. Let’s over all this nonsense of grades, exams, và marks. Let us throw them all out, & let the children learn what all educated persons must someday learn, how to measure their own understanding, how khổng lồ know what they know or vì chưng not know.

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Let them get on with this job in the way that seems most sensible khổng lồ them, with our help as school teachers if they ask for it. The idea that there is a body toàn thân of knowledge to be learnt at school & used for the rest of one’s life is nonsense in a world as complicated and rapidly changing as ours. Anxious parents và teachers say, “But suppose they fail lớn learn something essential, something they will need to lớn get on in the world?” Don’t worry! If it is essential, they will go out into the world & learn it.

Câu 1: What does the tác giả think is the best way for children khổng lồ learn things?